Results of Removal of Amalgam Fillings (B. Windham, Editor), 2018,- DAMS Intl. 651-644-4572

1. For the week following amalgam removal, body mercury levels increase significantly, depending on protective measures taken, but within 2 weeks levels fall significantly. (82,89)   Chronic conditions can worsen temporarily, but usually improve if adequate precautions are taken to reduce exposure during removal.

2. Removal of amalgam fillings resulted in a significant reduction in body burden and body waste product load of mercury (75,82,88,89,93,95,115,303).  Total reduction in mercury levels in blood and urine is often over 80% within a few months (79,82,89,93,115,57).   On average those with 29 amalgam surfaces excreted over 3 times more mercury in urine after DMPS challenge than those with 3 amalgam surfaces, and those with 45 amalgam surfaces more than 6 times as much mercury(12b).  Those found to be most reactive to metals by immune reactivity test(80) usually reported no more of the common mercury-caused symptoms than those who had lesser levels of metals reactivity but some had more serious effects (95), and those with lesser reactivity were at least as likely to report significant relief of symptoms as those with the most reactivity. And the majority of those interviewed reported that most of the symptoms were gone or significantly improved after metals replacement (95,14,20,21,22, etc.) Proper safe removal techniques with immune support and sometimes detoxification is needed for best results- this often does not occur as many practitioners have not had special training in such (95,20,21).

3. A study was designed to investigate whether removal of all amalgam fillings was associated with long-term changes in health complaints in a group of patients who attributed subjective health complaints to amalgam fillings (10). Patients previously examined at the Norwegian Dental Biomaterials Adverse Reaction Unit were included in the study and assigned to a treatment group (n = 20) and a reference group (n = 20). Participants in the treatment group had all amalgam fillings replaced with other restorative materials. Follow-ups took place 3 months, 1 and 3 years after removal of all amalgam fillings. There was no intervention in the reference group. In the treatment group, intra-oral and general health complaints were significantly reduced 3 years after completed replacement of amalgam fillings. Reductions in subjective health complaints after replacement of amalgam fillings have also been found in previous studies (11). The reference group received no intervention, and no improvement in health complaints was found. The finding of reduced levels of mercury in serum and urine in this study after amalgam replacement is in agreement with data from several studies showing that replacement of amalgam fillings leads to reduced levels of mercury in blood, plasma and urine (15). Previous studies have established that people with amalgam fillings have higher concentrations of mercury in blood, plasma, urine and body organs than people without amalgam fillings (16)

 As seen previously in discussion of study(95), those with a lesser number of amalgam fillings were as likely to report significant relief of symptoms as those with the highest number of amalgam fillings. Susceptibility and detoxification capability are known to be important factors in how much one is affected by mercury exposure.

A larger review study of health effects after amalgam removal (17) found similar results as this study, but also focused on the types of chronic conditions from which people recover after amalgam replacement.


4.  For the following case studies of amalgam replacement, some clinics primarily replaced amalgam fillings using patient protective measures and supportive supplements, whereas some clinics do something comparable to Hal Huggins total dental revision where in addition to amalgam replacement, patients gold or nickel crowns over amalgam are replaced by biocompatible alternatives, root canals extracted and cavitations checked for and cleaned.  There are extensive documented cases (many thousands) where removal of amalgam fillings led to cure or significant improvement of serious health problems such as: 

periodontal diseases (tissue inflammation, metal mouth, mouth sores, bone loss, burning mouth, etc.) (8,14,21,25,35,40,45,46,57,60,62,75,78,82,94,95,100,115,133,192bcf,212abc,222,233abcdefgh,271,303,313,317,321,322,341,376,525,532,538,551,552,583),                                         oral lichen planus/leukaplakia (14,21,56,86,87,90,101,168, 313a)  (oral keratosis (pre cancer)(87,251), immune system/ autoimmune problems (8,14,21,31,35,45,60,62,95,222,270,271,303,313,323,322,342,369,91,212,229,291, 452,470,485, 523,532, 552,581,582), epilepsy (5,35,309,229,386e,557),  multiple chemical sensitivities (14,26,35,60,62,95,222,229,232,233,115,303,313,321,342,440,537,583),  allergies (8,14,26,35,40,46,62,94,95,97,165, 212,222,228,229,233,271,303,317,322,349,376,440,469, 525c,532,557,581,582,583), asthma (8,14,75,97,222,228,271,322,552,556,557),  chronic headaches/migraines (5,8,14,21,25,34,3547f,57,62,95, 185,212abc,222,229, 233abdefgh,271,317,322,349,354,115,376,440,453, 523,525,532,537,538,552,556,582,583), concentration/ADD (14,25,95,233bc,etc.)  tachycardia and heart problems (8,14,25,35,59,94,115,205,212,222 , 232,233bcdg, 271,306,310,322,525c, 554,556,557), blood conditions (8,212,222,232,233,271,322,523,551,35,95), Crohn’s disease (14,60,222,229,469,485,594), stomach (gastrointestinal) problems (8,14,21,35,57,62,95,212abc,222,228,229,233bcdg,271,303,317,322,440,469,525c, 532,552), SLE/ lupus (12,31,35,45,60,113,222,233,323,537), dizzyness/vertigo (8,14,40,95,212abc,222,229,233bcdgh,271,322,321,376,453, 525c,551,552), joint pain/arthritis (8,14,21,35,45,62,95,103,212abc,222,229, 233abcg,271,303,313, 322,358,386de,469,523,525c,538,551,552, 556,557,582,583),neuropathy/paresthesia(8,14,35,62,94,163,212,222,303,322,404,556,557),  MS(14,25,28,62,94,95,102, 163,170,212,222,229,237,271,291,302,303,322,369,469,485,34,35,229,523,532), ALS(30,28,97,246,423,405,469,470,485,535,35),Alzheimer’s(62,204,251c,303,386e,535,35),   Parkinson’s/ muscle tremor (14,222,248,228a,229,233f, 271,322, 469,535,557,212,62,94,98,35),  ChronicFatigue Syndrome (CFS) (8,14,27,35,47f, 57,60, 62,88,95,185,212abc,293,229,222,232,236, 237,233abcdfgh, 271,303,313,317, 321,322,323,342,346,369,375,376,386de,440,469,470,523, 532,537,538,551,552, 556,557,558,582), memory disorders (8,14,20,25,27,35,57,94,95,212,222,303,322,440,453,552,557), Sjogren’s Syndrome(45), muscular/jointpain/Fibromyalgia (5,8,14,25,35,60,62,95,185,222,233bcfg,236,237,293,303,317,321,322,346,369,440,469,470,523,527,532,538,552,556,582,94), infertility(9,35,38,229,303,367), endometriosis(229,35,38,9), autism & Asperger’s Syndrome (558,601,602,603), atopic dermatitis(32), (schizophrenia (294,34,35,60), poor concentration/irritability (14,95, etc.) depression(14,25,27,57,62,94,95,107,163,185,212,222,229,233bcfh,237, 271,294,285e,303,317, 321,322,376,386de, 404,453,465,485,523,525c,532,538,551,552,556,557,583,35, 40), insomnia (14,35,62,94,95,212,222,233ag,271,303,317,321,322,376,440,525c, 582,583), nausea(525c), anger(212,233,102,321,557,35,62), anxiety & mental confusion (14,25,62,94,95,212,222,229,233abcfgh,271,303,317, 321,322,440,453,525c, 532,551,557,583,35,57), susceptibility to infections (35,40,62,222,233cd,251,303,317,322,349,350, 469,470,532), antibiotic resistant infection(251,303), cancer (breast, etc./leukemia) (35,38,94,180, 228a,303,469,486,530),  alopecia/hair loss (40,187,271,317,322,349,583),  sinus problems (14,35,40,47f,94,95,222,271,322,532,583), ringing ears/tinnitus (8,14,35,57,62,94,222,233bcdg,271,303,322,349,376,525c), chronic eye conditionsinflamation/ iritis/ astigmatism/myopia /cataracts/macula degeneration/retinitis pigmentosa, color vision loss, etc. (14,35,95,222,233abcg,271,303,322,440,529),  vision disturbances (8,14,35,62,212,233abcg,271,303,322,525c), eczema and psoriasis(31,62,168b,212b,233c,322,323,385, 375, 408, 459,525c,557), hypothyroid & autoimmune thyroiditis (303,369,382,91),  skin conditions (8,14,28,32,62,95,212,222,233bc,322,525c,583), urinary/prostrate problems(212,222), hearing loss(102,322,35), Candida(26,35,303,404,537, etc.), PMS(35,6,322, etc.), diabetes(35,369,598, etc.),  HIV/AIDs, (485b,35), etc.      


The above over 60,000 cases of cure or significant improvements were not isolated cases of cures; the clinical studies indicated a large majority of most such type cases treated showed significant improvement. Chronic health effects are the result of additive and synergistic effects of all toxic substances one is exposed to along with synergistic effects with other pathogens, and synergistic effects of toxic metals and other toxics are often much more significant than individual effects Details are available and case histories.  For example, one of the clinics(95) replacing amalgams in a large number of patients with chronic conditions had full recovery or significant improvement:

in over 90% of cases for: metallic taste, tender teeth, bad breath, and mouth sores;

in over 80% of cases for: depression, irrational fear, headaches/migraines, irritability, dizziness, insomnia, bleeding gums, throat irritation, nasal congestion or discharge, muscle tremor, and leg cramps;

in over 70% of cases for: bloating or intestinal cramps, skin reactions, sciatic pain, chest pain, poor memory, urinary disorders, fatigue, poor concentration/ADD, watery eyes;

in over 60% of cases for: allergies, constipation, muscle fatigue, cold hands/feet, heart problems.

    A Jerome meter was used to measure mercury vapor level in the mouth, and the average was 54.6 micrograms mercury per cubic meter of air, far above the Government health guideline for mercury (217).

 Some of the above cases used chemical or natural chelation to reduce accumulated mercury body burden in addition to amalgam replacement.  Some clinics using DMPS for chelation reported over 80% with chronic health problems were cured or significantly improved (222,271,359). 

Other clinics reported similar success. But the recovery rate of those using dentists with special equipment and training in protecting the patient reported much higher success rates than those with standard training and equipment, 97% versus 37 to 88%(435).  The Huggins TDR protocol includes testing teeth with metal for level of galvanic current caused by the mixed metals, and removal of the teeth with highest negative galvanic current first (35,228a).  This has been found to improve recovery rate for chronic conditions like epilepsy and autoimmune conditions.  Metals are being pushed into the body from negatively charged metal dental work with saliva as electrolyte and the highest charged teeth lose the most metal to the body (35).

      Clinical studies have found that patch testing is not a good predictor of success of amalgam removal, as a high percentage of those testing negative also recovered from chronic conditions after replacement of fillings (86,87,168, etc.).

       The Huggins Clinic using TDR has successfully treated over a thousand patients with chronic autoimmune conditions like MS, Lupus, ALS, AD, diabetes, etc. (35), including himself with the population of over 600(approx. 85%) who experienced significant improvement in MS. In a large German study of MS patients after amalgam revision, extraction resulted in 85% recovery rate versus only 16% for filling replacement alone (222,302). Other cases have found that recovery from serious autoimmune diseases, dementia, or cancer may require more aggressive mercury removal techniques than simple filling replacement due to body burden. This appears to be due to migration of mercury into roots & gums that is not eliminated by simple filling replacement.  That such mercury (and similarly bacteria) in the teeth and gums have direct routes to the brain and CNS has been documented by several medical studies (34,325, etc.).

     Among those with chronic immune system problems with related immune antibodies, the types showing the highest level of antibody reductions after amalgam removal include glomerular basal membrane, thyroglobulin, and microsomal thyroid antigens(91).  TDR and other measures used in metals detox have been found to increase T-cells and immune function in AIDS patients(35).

   Swedish researchers have developed a sophisticated test for immune/autoimmune reactions that has proved successful in diagnosing and treating environmentally caused diseases such as lichen planus, CFS,MS, etc. related to mercury and other immunotoxics(60,313,etc.).

      Interviews of a large population of Swedish patients that had amalgams removed due to health problems found that virtually all reported significant health improvements and that the health improvements were permanent(233). (study period 17 years) A compilation of an even larger population found similar results(212,282).  For example 89% of those reporting allergies had significant improvements or total elimination; extrapolated to U.S.population this would represent over 17 million people who would benefit regarding allergies alone.


VII. Tests for Mercury Level or Toxicity and Treatment

1.  Feces is the major path of excretion of mercury from the body, having a higher correlation to systemic body burden than urine or blood, which tend to correlate with recent exposure level (6b,21abd,35,36,79,80,183,278). For this reason, many researchers consider feces to be the most reliable indicator of daily exposure level to mercury or other toxics. The average level of mercury in feces of populations with amalgam fillings is as much as 1 ppm and approx. 10 times that of a similar group without fillings (79,80,83,335,386,528,25), with significant numbers of those with several filings having over 10 ppm and 170 times those without fillings (80).  For those with several fillings daily fecal mercury excretion levels range between 20 to 200 ug/day.   The saliva test is another good test for daily mercury exposure, done commonly in Europe and representing one of the largest sources of mercury exposure. There is only a weak correlation between blood or urine mercury levels and body burden or level in a target organ (36,157,183,258,278,11,21abd,6b). Mercury vapor passes through the blood rapidly (half-life in blood is 10 seconds(370)) and  accumulates in other parts of the body such as the brain, kidneys, liver, thyroid gland, pituitary gland, etc. Thus, blood test measures mostly recent exposure.   Kidneys have a lot of hydroxyl(SH) groups which mercury binds to causing accumulation in the kidneys, and inhibiting excretion(503).  As damage occurs to kidneys over time, mercury is less efficiently eliminated (11,36,57,183,216,258,260,503), so urine tests are not reliable for body burden after long term exposure. Some researchers suggest hair offers a better indicator of mercury body burden than blood or urine(279,21ab), though still not totally reliable and may be a better indicator for organic mercury than inorganic. In the early stages of mercury exposure before major systemic damage other than slight fatigue results you usually see high hemoglobin, hemocrit, alkaline phosphatase, and lactic dehydroganese; in later states you usually see marginal hemoglobin, hemocrit, plus low oxyhemoglobin(35).  Hair was found to be significantly correlated with fish consumption, as well as with occupational dental exposure and to be a good medium for monitoring internal mercury exposure, except that external occupational exposure can also affect hair levels.    Mercury hair level in a population sampled in Madrid Spain ranged from 1.3 to 92.5 ppm. This study found a significant positive correlation between maternal hair mercury and mercury level in nursing infants.  Hair mercury levels did not have a significant correlation with urine mercury in one study (340) and did not have a significant correlation to number of fillings (350).  One researcher suggests that mercury levels in hair of greater than 5 ppm are indicative of mercury intoxication.

     A new test approved by the FDA for diagnosing damage that has been caused by toxic metals like mercury is the fractionated porphyrin test (260,35), that measures amount of damage as well as likely source. Mercury blocks enzymes needed to convert some types of porphyrins to hemoglobin and adenosine tri phosphate (ATP).  The pattern of which porphyrins are high gives an indication of likely toxic exposure, with high precoproporphyrin almost always high with mercury toxicity, and often coproporphyrin.  Another new test combination that is very useful is the Quicksilver Scientific Mercury Tri Test. For testing, see test facilities (80).


     Provocation challenge tests after use of chemical chelators such as DMPS or DMSA also are effective at measuring body burden (57,58), but high levels of DMPS can be dangerous to some people- especially those still having amalgam fillings or those allergic to sulfur drugs or sulfites. Many studies using chemical chelators such as DMPS or DMSA have found post chelation levels to be poorly correlated with pre-chelation blood or urine levels (57,115,303), but one study (340) found a significant correlation between pre and post chelation values when using DMPS.  Challenge tests using DMPS or DMSA appear to have a better correlation with body burden and toxicity symptoms such as concentration, memory, and motor deficits (290)- with many studies finding a significant correlation between post chelation mercury level and the number of amalgam surfaces (57,172,173,222,290,292,273,303).  On average those with 29 amalgam surfaces excreted over 3 times more mercury in urine after DMPS challenge than those with 3 amalgam surfaces, and those with 45 amalgam surfaces more than 6 times as much mercury(12b).   Several doctors use 16 ug/L as the upper bound for mercury after DMPS challenge, and consider anyone with higher levels to have excess body burden (222,352). However, one study (290) found significant effects at lower levels.  Some researchers believe DMSA has less adverse side effects than DMPS and prefer to use DMSA for chelation for this reason. Some studies have also found DMSA as more effective at removing mercury from the brain (58).   A common protocol for DMSA(developed to avoid redistribution effects) is 50 mg orally every 4 hours for 3 days and then off 11 days.

  Another chelator used for clogged arteries, EDTA, forms toxic compounds with mercury and can damage brain function (307).  Use of EDTA may need to be restricted in those with high Hg levels.  N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been found to be effective at increasing cellular glutathione levels and chelating mercury (54).  Experienced doctors have also found additional zinc to be useful when chelating mercury (222) as well as counteracting mercury’s oxidative damage (43). Zinc induces metallothionein which protects against oxidative damage and increases protective enzyme activities and glutathione which tend to inhibit lipid peroxidation and suppress mercury toxicity (430,464).   Also, lipoic acid, LA, has been found to dramatically increase excretion of inorganic mercury (over 12-fold), but to cause decreased excretion of organic mercury(572d) and copper.  Lipoic acid has a protective effect regarding lead or inorganic mercury toxicity through its antioxidant properties (572), but should not be used with high copper. Lipoicacid and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) also increase glutathione levels and protect against superoxide radical/peroxynitrite damage, so thus have an additional neuroprotective effect (494a,521,524,572c,54,56).  Zinc is a mercury and copper antagonist and can be used to lower copper levels and protect against mercury damage.  Lipoic acid has been found to have protective effects against cerebral ischemic-reperfusion, excitotoxic amino acid(glutamate) brain injury, mitochondrial dysfunction, diabetic neuropathy (572).  Other antioxidants such as carnosine(495a), Coenzyme Q10, Vitamins C & E, gingko biloba, pycnogenol and selenium have also been found protective against degenerative neurological conditions (494,495e, 444,237).  


2.  Tests suggested by Huggins/Levy (35) for evaluation and treatment of mercury toxicity:

(a) hair element test (386)  low hair mercury level does not indicate low body level)(more than 3 essential minerals out of normal range indicates likely metals toxicity)

(b) CBC blood test with differential and platelet count

© blood serum profile

(d) urinary mercury (for person with average exposure with amalgam fillings, average mercury level is 3 to 4 ppm;

     lower test level than this likely means person is poor excreter and accumulating mercury, often mercury toxic(35)  

(e) fractionated porphyrin (note test results sensitive to light, temperature, shaking)

(f) individual tooth electric currents with micro amp meter (replace high negative current teeth first)

(g) patient questionnaire on exposure and symptom history

(h) specific gravity of urine (test for pituitary function, s.g>1.022 normal; s.g.< 1.008 consistent with depression and suicidal tendencies (35)}

3.  Note: during initial exposure to mercury the body marshals immune system and other measures to try to deal with the challenge, so many test indicators will be high; after prolonged exposure the body and immune system inevitably lose the battle and measures to combat the challenge decrease- so some test indicator scores decline. Chronic conditions are common during this phase.   Also high mercury exposures with low hair mercury or urine mercury level usually indicates body is retaining mercury and likely toxicity problem(35).  In such cases where (calcium> 1100 or < 300 ppm) and low, test mercury, manganese, zinc, potassium; mercury toxicity likely and hard to treat since retaining mercury.

      Test results indicating mercury/metals toxicity (35): 

(a) white blood cell count >7500    or < 4500; (b) hemocrit > 50%   or < 40%

©   lymphocyte count > 2800 or < 1800; (d) blood protein level > 7.5 gm/100 ml

(e) triglycerides > 150 mg %ml; (f) BUN > 18 or < 12

(g) hair mercury > 1.5 ppm    or <   .4 ppm; (h) oxyhemoglobin level < 55% saturated

(I) carboxyhemoglubin > 2.5% saturated; (j) T lymphocyte count < 2000; (k) DNA damage/cancer

(l) TSH > 1 ug; (m) hair aluminum > 10 ppm; (n) hair nickel > 1.5 ppm

(o) hair manganese > 0.3 ppm;    (p) immune reactive to mercury, nickel, aluminum, etc.

(q) high hemoglobin and hemocrit and high alkaline phosphatase (alk phos) and lactic dehydrogenese(LDA) during initial phases of exposure;   with low/marginal hemoglobin and hemocrit plus low oxyhemoglobin during long  term chronic fatigue phase.

4.  Huggins Total Dental Revision Protoco l(35) or IAOMT Safe Replacement Protocol

(a) history questionnaire and panel of tests.

(b) replace amalgam fillings starting with filling with highest negative current or highest negative quadrant, with supportive vitamin/mineral supplements.

© extract all root canaled teeth using proper finish protocol.

(d) test and treat cavitations and amalgam tattoos where relevant

(e) supportive supplementation, periodic monitoring tests, evaluate need for further treatment (not usually needed).

 (f) avoid acute exposures/challenge to the immune system on a weekly 7/14/21 day pattern.

  note: after treatment of many cases of chronic autoimmune conditions such as MS, ALS, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, CFS, Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, etc., it has been observed that often mercury along with root canal toxicity or cavitation toxicity are major factors in these conditions, and most with these conditions improve after TDR if protocol is followed carefully (35,27). Also, it is documented that the process is inflammatory involving free radical/reactive oxygen species effects, and antioxidants have been found to have benefits in treatment (514).   Other measures in addition to TDR that have been found to help in treatment of MS in clinical experience are avoidance of milk products, get lots of sunlight, supplementation of calcium AEP (448) and alpha lipoic acid (572).  Progesterone creme has been found to promote regrowth of myelin sheaths in animals(448c). 



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(6) R.T McNerney et al, "Mercury Contamination in the Dental Office: A Review",  NYS Dental Journal, Nov         1979, p457-458.

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(17) Health Effects After Dental Amalgam Removal; Robert L. Siblerud,

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(322) P. Engel, “Beobachtungen uber die gesundheit vor und nach  amalgamentfernug”, Schweiz Monatschr Zuhbmed, 1998,  vol 108(8).    (75 cases)   & Suspicious dentist now believes patients" (Puls-Tipp, Issue Nov. 2001)  & "Amalgam was guilty" (Puls-Tipp, Issue Nov. 2001) &

(323) Dr. Kohdera, Faculty of Dentistry, Osaka UnivInternationsl Congress of   Allergology and Clinical Immunology, EAACI, Stockholm, June 1994; & Heavy  Metal Bulletin, Vol 1, Issue 2, Oct 1994.   (160 cases cured)

(325) C.R. Adams et al, “Hg & ALS”, JAMA, 1983, 250(5):642-5; & M. Su et al, J Neurol Sci, 1998, 156(1):12-7; & B. Arvidson (Sweden), Muscle Nerve, 1992,  15(10);1089-94,

(341) A.Tosti et al, “Contact stomatitis”, Semin Cutan Med Surg, 1997, 16(4):314-9; & T.Nakada et al, “Patch test materials for mercury allergic contact dematitis”, Dermatitis, 1997, 36(5):237-9; & Guttman-Yassky E, Weltfriend S, Bergman R.  Resolution of orofacial granulomatosis with amalgam removal.  J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2003 May;17(3):344-7

(346) Clauw DJ, “The pathogenesis of chronic pain and fatigue syndromes: Fibromyalgia” Med Hypothesis, 1995, 44:369-78; & Hanson S, Fibromyalgia, glutamate, and mercury.   Heavy Metal Bulletin, Issue 4, 1999, p5,6.; & (c) Remedyfind survey of CFS/FM patients,‑192‑Mercury.asp

(349) M.Schaeffer et al, “Risikofaktor Amalgam-Ein Problemstoff”,Schriftenreihe mweltmedizin, Forum Medizin Verlagsgesellschaft, 1996; & (b)Nixon, DE, Mussmann GV, Moyer TP.  Inorganic, organic, and total mercury       in blood and urine.  J Anal Toxicol, 1996; 10(1): 17-22.

(350) F. Schweinsberg, “Risk estimation of mercury intake from different sources”, Toxicol. Lett. 1994, 72: _45-51; & L.D. Pzheusskaia, “Disintoxication therapy of patients with nonspecific inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs”, AkushGinekol 1977, (4): 30-34; 

(359) G. Tapparo, :Toxische Untersunchungen zu Amalgam”, Die Zahn Arztwoche, 1992

(367) I. Gerhard, “Amalgam aus gynakologischer Sicht”, Der Frauenarzt, 1995,36(6): 627-28; & “Schdstoffe und Fertillitatsstorungen”,, Schwermetalleund Mineralstoffe, Geburtshilfe Frauenheikd, 1992, 52(7):383-396; & (b) “Reproductive risks of heavy metal and pesticides in women”, in: Reproductive Toxicology, M.Richardson(ed.), VCH Weinhelm, 1993, 167-83; &(c) “Unfruchtbarkeit bei Frauen durch Umwelterkrankungen, JD. Kruse-Jarres(Ed.), 1993, 51-68.

(368)   Metal- specific memory lymphoctes: biomarkers of sensitivity in man.  Neuroendocrinology Letters, 1999. Stejskal VDM, Danersund A, Lindvall A, Hudecek R, Nordman V, Yaqob A et al.      

(369)  The beneficial effect of amalgam replacement on health in patients with autoimmunity. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2004 Jun;25(3):2118 Prochazkova J, Sterzl I, Kucerova H, Bartova J, Stejskal VD; & Mercury and nickel allergy: risk factors in fatigue and autoimmunity.  Neuroendocrinology Letters 1999; 20:221-228. Sterzl I, Prochazkova J, Stejaskal VDM et al,

(375).  Metal- specific memory lymphocytes: biomarkers of sensitivity in man.  Neuroendocrinology Letters, 1999; 20: 289-98  Stejskal VDM, Danersund A, Lindvall A, Hudecek R, Nordman V, Yaqob A et al.

(376) Melchart D, Wuhr E, Weidenhammer W, Kremers  L.  A multicenter survey of amalgam fillings and subjective complaints in non-selected patients in the dental practice.  Eur J Oral Sci 1998; 106:770-77 (6,744 patients in 34 clinics)     & Treatment of Health Complaints Attributed to Amalgam, J Dent Res 87(4):349-353, 2008,  D. Melchart, S. Vogt, W. Köhler, A. Streng, W. Weidenhammer, L. Kremers, R. Hickel, N. Felgenhauer, T. Zilker, E. Wühr, and S. Halbach , (90 patients)

(382) The fatigue syndrome in autoimmune thyroiditis with polyglandular activation of autoimmunity. Vnitrni Lekarstvi 1998; 44: 456-60, Sterzl I, Fucikova T, Zamrazil V; &(b) Sterzl I, Hrda P, Prochazkova J, Bartova J, Reactions to metals in patients with chronicgue and autoimmune endocrinopathyVnitr Lek 1999   Sep;45(9):527‑31 ;      

(385) Kohdera T, Koh N, Koh R.  Antigen-specific lympocyte stimulation test on patients with psoriasis vulgaris. XVI International Congress of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Oct 1997, Cancoon, Mexico; & Ionescu G.  Schwermetallbelastung bei atopischer Dermatitis und Psoriasis.  BiolMed 1996; 2:65-68.

(386) Great Plains Laboratory

 (404)   Candida, Dysbiosis and Amalgam. J. Adv. Med. vol 9 no 2 (1996), M. E. Godfrey; & Immunity to   Candida Albicans: Th1,Th2 cells and beyond.  Curr Opin Microbiol 1999, 2(4):363-7 Romani L; & Candida Albicans Therapy: Dental mercury removal, an effective adjunct.  J. Orthmol. Med. v1#4 pp261-5 (1986), Alfred V. Zamm.  

(405)   The role of metals in autoimmune diseases and the link to neuroendocrinology   Neuroendocrinology Letters, 20:345‑358, 1999; Stejskal J, Stejskal V.

(408)  Exacerbation of pustular psoriasis in mercury poisoning. Hautarzt 1994 Oct;45(10):708‑10. Wehner‑Caroli J; Scherwitz C; Schweinsberg F; Fierlbeck G.  

 (423) “Mercury intoxication simulating ALS”, JAMA, 1983, 250(5):642-5 C.R. Adams et al; & T.Barber,  “Inorganic mercury intoxificationsimilar to ALS”, J of Occup Med, 1978, 20:667-9;    

(435) Norwegian Dept. Of Health, “The Use of Dental Restoration Materials in Norway”, Oct 1998, IK-2652, & Press Release, Australian NHMRC, Mar 1999 ;   &  Heavy Metal Bulletin, Issue 1, 1999.

(440)  Kidd RF.  Results of dental amalgam removal and mercury detoxification.  Alternative Therapies, Health Med, 2000   Jul;6(4):49‑55. & Gary Null,

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(459) Isny Clinic (South Germany) Kurt Muller , MD,  member of Editorial board for Ganzheitliches Medicine Journal.  Wassertornstrasse 6, Isny, BRD   fax: 0049 7562 550 52

(469), the book, by  David Perlmutter MD;  Perlmutter Health Center, Naples, Florida; &M.M. van Benschoten, ““Acupoint Energetics of Mercury Toxicity and Amalgam Removal with Case Studies,”” American Journal of Acupuncture, Vol. 22, No. 3, 1994, pp. 251-262;

 (470) Dr. Garth Nicholson, Institute for Molecular Medicine, Huntington Beach, Calif.,  & 07‑18‑2001 Mycoplasmas – The Missing Link in Fatiguing Illnesses & New Treatments for Chronic Infections Found in Fibromyalgia Syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Gulf War Illnesses;

 & Dr. G. Nicholson, Institute for Molecular Medicine, New Treatments for Chronic Infections Found in Fibromyalgia Syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Multiple Sclerosis, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, and Gulf War Illnesses,        

(485) Hulda Clark, The Cure for all Diseases, 2000, amalgam replacement, dental revision, detoxification, and treatment for parasites) & (U.S. CDC confirms parasites common in those with chronic immune conditions);     & The Cure of HIV/AIDS,  2003,  

(486)Hulda Clark, The Cure for All Cancers, 1998; & Gerson   Clinics,

& Charlotte Du Bois and John Lubecki, The End of Cancer, Nelson’s Books, 2003; & The Cancer Homepage

(523)  CBS Television Network,” 60 Minutes”,  television program narrated by Morley Safer,  December 12, 1990

(525)  The shocking tooth about trigeminal neuralgia. New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 342, June 29, 2000, p. 2003, Cheshire, William P., Jr.  &  Potentials of and currents between dental metallic restorations. Scand J Dent Res 1982; 90 :404-8, Bergman M, Ginstrup O, Nilsson B; & Hugoson A. Results obtained from patients referred for the investigation of complaints related to oral galvanism. Swed Dent J 1986;10:15-28;(b) &  Muller AW, Van Loon LA, Davidson CL. Electrical potentials of restorations in subjects without oral complaints. J Oral Rehabil 1990;17:419-24;  & (c) Raue H., "Resistance to therapy; Think of tooth fillings", Medical Practice, vol. 32, n.72, p.2303- 2309, 6 Sept 1980(over 1000 cases)  &(d) Johann Lechner, "Dental Materials and Psychoneuroimmunology Conference". Danderyd Hospital, 14-16 August, 1998;

(535) K. Sullivan, Evidence Implicating Amalgam in Alzheimer’s Disease,

(537) Amalgam replacement with detox using NDF, case histories,


(551) Dr. Harald Hamre (Norwegian physician treating mercury toxicity), Amalgam and Illness, 1998.

(552)  Removal of dental amalgam and other metal alloys supported by antioxidant therapy alleviates symptoms and improves quality of life in patients with amalgam-associated ill health.  Neuroendocrinol Lett 2002 Oct-Dec;23(5-6):459-82. 

(553) Changed Clinical Chemistry Pattern in Blood After Removal of Dental Amalgam and other Metal Alloys Supported by Antioxidant Therapy

 Biological Trace Element Research December 2007, Volume 120, Issue 1–3, pp 163–170|  Peter Frisk Antero Danersund ,Romuald Hudecek, Ulf Lindh; &   Removal of dental amalgam and other metal alloys supported by antioxidant therapy alleviates symptoms and improves quality of life in patients with amalgam-associated ill health. Neuroendocrinology Letters. 2002; 23(5-6): 459-82. Lindh U, Hudecek R, Danersund A, Eriksson S, Lindvall A.; (796 cases)

(554) Swedish newspaper "Dagens Nyheter" April 26, 2003, "Healthy Enough to Work Again Without Amalgam.”

(555) IAOMT.

(556) (a)Aspen Clinic for Preventive and Environ-mental Medicine in Colorado  ;   

 & (b), Dr. Lewis Cone, Plano, Texas,; & ©ICNR Case Study #11

 (557) Psychiatric Disturbances and Toxic Metals, Townsend Letter for Doctor's & Patients April 2002; & Alternative & Complementary Therapies (a magazine for doctors), Aug 2002; 

(558)  HMD Detox Forumula, Testimonials,

&(b) Mark Breiner, DDS, Whole-Body Dentistry: DiscoverThe Missing Piece To Better Health,;  &

(581) Dr. E. Valentine-Thon, Head-Immunology Department, Laboratory Center, Bremen, Friedrich-Karl-Str.22 28205 Germany; &  LTT-MELISA is clinically relevant for detecting and monitoring metal sensitivity. Valentine-Thon E, Muller K, Guzzi, et al; Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2006 Dec;27 Suppl 1:17-24.(700 pat)

 Neuroendocrinol Lett 27:17-24,2006.

 (582) Dagmar Magnusson, Dentist, Samos, Greece,  1000 patients with amalgam replacement with over 80% significantly improved,

 (583) Dr. Ronald King, DDS, Patient Experience After Amalgam Replacement, (33)

(594) Mercury and food intolerances: common causes of chronic conditions related to leaky gut and intestinal dysfunction such as ulcerative colitis, IBS, Crohn’s, eczema, psoriasis, food allergies, arthritis, ADHD, and autoimmune disease; and treatments that improve these conditions.

(598)  Overcoming Depression,  Dr. Russell Blaylock, MD, The Blaylock Wellness Report, Vol 5, No. 3, March 2008, & Food Additives, What you eat can kill you, Vol 4, No. 10, Oct 2007,

(601) B.Windham, the autism mercury connection: documentation,   &  & &

other references and additional information on all conditions:

 (602) Parent Ratings of Behavioral Effects of Biomedical Interventions for large group of parents of children who had autism

& Parent Ratings of Behavioral Effects of Biomedical Interventions for Asperger Syndrome

(603) Diagnosis and Treatment of Heavy Metal Toxicity in Autism Spectrum Disorders(ASD), DAN Medical Subcommittee on Autism and Mercury, J Bradstreet, J El-Dahr, A Holmes, S Cave, and B Haley, 2000.